Formative evaluation is an assessment process used during the development or implementation of a program, project, or policy to identify areas that require improvement or modification. It is usually conducted during the planning, design, and implementation stages to provide ongoing feedback and to ensure that the project or program is meeting its goals.
The primary purpose of formative evaluation is to assess the effectiveness of a program or project as it is being developed or implemented. The feedback generated from the evaluation can be used to make adjustments to the project or program to improve its effectiveness. The evaluation process can be quantitative or qualitative, and it may involve various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, focus groups, or observations.
Formative evaluation is different from summative evaluation, which is conducted at the end of a program or project to assess its overall impact or effectiveness. Formative evaluation, on the other hand, is focused on improving the project or program as it progresses.
Overall, formative evaluation is an essential component of program or project management, and it can help ensure that the project is on track and meeting its goals. By collecting feedback from stakeholders and making appropriate modifications, project managers can improve the quality of their program or project and increase the chances of success.
Examples of Formative Evaluation Questions #
Some typical questions that can be asked during a formative evaluation include:
- Are the program goals and objectives clearly defined and achievable?
- Is the program or project being implemented as planned?
- Are the program or project activities appropriate and effective in achieving the goals and objectives?
- Is the program or project reaching the intended target population?
- What challenges or obstacles have been encountered in the development or implementation of the program or project?
- What are the strengths and weaknesses of the program or project?
- Are the program or project resources being used effectively?
- What changes or adjustments are needed to improve the program or project?
The questions asked during a formative evaluation are designed to provide ongoing feedback and to ensure that the program or project is on track to achieving its intended goals and objectives. The answers to these questions can inform decision-making and help to identify areas for improvement. Overall, formative evaluation is an essential tool for ensuring the effectiveness and success of a program or project.